Business Review


This paper investigates the dynamic association between daily stock index returns and percentage trading volume changes. To proceed with this, linear and nonlinear Granger causality tests are applied to the Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) data. The analysis covers the span of about 5 years with 1266 daily observations. The same methodology is employed for two non-overlapping sub-periods to examine the robustness of the results. Unidirectional linear Granger causality from stock returns to trading volume is observed for the entire sample period and for both the sub-periods as well. The null hypothesis of linear Granger noncausality from percentage volume changes to stock returns is rejected only in optimal lag length for the second sub-period. Regarding nonlinear Granger causality, the modified Baek and Brock's test (l992a) for nonlinear Granger causality provides evidence of significant unidirectional nonlinear Granger causality from percentage volume changes to stock returns in both the sub-periods for all the common lag lengths used but not for vice versa. The analysis exposed that volume has significant nonlinear explanatory power for stock returns, whereas stock returns have linear explanatory power for trading volume.


Stock Prices, Trading Volume, Nonlinear Granger Causality, Karachi Stock Exchange



Journal of Economic Literature Subject Codes

G12, C14

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

June 07, 2021



Publication Stage



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