Business Review


This paper investigates the extent to which poverty determines the activities of children in the province of Sind. A structured demand model is estimated using multinomial logit regression, whereby the effect of the variables poverty, mother autonomy and gender equality are measured on schooling, student labour, child labour and idleness. The results reveal that greater poverty levels negatively impact parents’ decision regarding child schooling. Furthermore, higher educational gender equity and mother empowerment is positively associated with child schooling.


Schooling, Student labour, Idleness, Gender equality, Mother autonomy



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

December 14, 2020



Publication Stage



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