Business Review


This study explores the implications of control transfer and ownership structure on firm value and restructuring activities in Japan. We find that conventional banks and business group affiliations negatively impact firm value and organizational restructuring, but foreign and private individual shareholding have a positive impact on firm performance and its ability to restructure internally. Furthermore, the transfer of ownership control to market-oriented investors consistently results in greater firm value and restructuring activities that enhance economic efficiency of listed companies in Japan.


Corporate governance, Organizational restructuring, Keiretsu, Business groups, Japan



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

December 21, 2020



Publication Stage



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.