Econometric analysis performed for this paper suggests that Pakistan is likely to import more from trading partners that have a larger manufacturing sector relative to their GDP for the majority of product categories. The impact is stronger for processed products. This implies a higher risk of import dependency and associated competitive pressure from imports on manufacturing activities within Pakistan.
Nakhoda, A., & Pasha, F. (2017). The impact of manufacturing activities in the trading partner on imports into Pakistan. Business Review, 12(1), 20-49. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/businessreview/vol12/iss1/8