Business Review


This paper examines whether the legal framework for oil cargo sampling in Pakistan allows for resampling. We find that the laws lack uniformity and clarity and hinder the smooth import of oil into the country. An examination of the pertinent laws and precedents reveal that resampling and retesting of imported oil cargoes is allowed under Pakistani Law.


Imported refined oil, Pakistani law, Sampling, Retained sample



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

December 21, 2020



Publication Stage



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