Business Review


Three approaches characterize the management of education in Pakistan: historical-traditional; colonial administrative; and modern western. A deficiency common to all three approaches is that a cultural mindset legitimizes their respective structures and hierarchies, leaving no room for the growth of human capital and thereby stifling creativity, innovation and adaptation to the emerging needs of society. Knowledge Economy considerations suggest that we take a different approach to education management to meet the challenges of the new millennium and transform Pakistan into a knowledge democracy.


Knowledge-based management, Education, Cultural mindset, Knowledge era



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

February 11, 2021



Publication Stage



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