Business Review


Nineteenth-century critics ascertained that there were three major modes of leadership: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. These had their origins in the background of leaders and the structures of power within which they were compelled to operate. Although autocratic leadership was a mode normally associated with the military, many corporate leaders of the early twentieth century (tycoons and company heads alike) were seen to employ this form of governance to varying degrees of effect. According to Simon Restubog, “historical observation suggests that as countries moved from nomadic hunting and gathering to settling in towns and producing food, environmental complexity was reduced and a more directive leadership emerged” (p. 113).


Autocratic governance, Corporate leadership, Corporate practices



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published Online

February 15, 2021



Publication Stage



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