Master of Business Administration

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Dr. Shahid Qureshi, Professor, Department of Management

Committee Member 1

Dr. Shahid Qureshi, Associate Professor and Program Director – CED, Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi

Project Type

MBA Research Project

Keywords">Aman CED, Entrepreneurship, Incubation program, Youth Bulge, Leadership, Networking

Abstract / Summary

Pakistan is a young Country with 64% population under 30 and on a rise. This is considered a boon in any country but given the bad shape youth development and livelihoods for young people is in, the Youth Bulge could become a time bomb. Entrepreneurship has been studied as an engine of employment generation and driver of economic activity but there is a lot of room to facilitate this sector in Pakistan. Aman CED was established with this very Goal. The objective of this study was to get an insight into the impact of the Incubation program at CED and to determine the factors that are important for invigorating entrepreneurial intentions.

To do this, Secondary research was first carried out to establish such factors and then Primary research was conducted based on a model encompassing these factors in the CED environment. The primary research comprised of three In-Depth Interviews with CED Incubation Graduates, One Interview with an aspiring entrepreneur and survey responses of over sixty CED Incubatees and about forty non-Entrepreneurs as a Benchmark.

It was seen that start-ups did see an increased employability on average after incubation. This was corroborated by CED’s own statistics on its Incubatees as well. In the study of factors that relate to the entrepreneurial intentions, Extrinsic factors that most stood out in both type of studies were Networking, Incubation and Education to some degree. Among the Intrinsic Factors Proactiveness was of prominence whereas Leadership and Innovativeness showed mixed results depending on the individual ideas of the term. Risk-Taking was counter intuitively found negatively related to Entrepreneurial intentions. An enlightening interview with Dr. Shahid Qureshi was part of this research which helped explain the Vision, plans and working philosophy of CED, the proud moments and challenges and an expert view of the support structures from the Policy making side.

The results of the factors analysis were also studied in conjunction with Effectuation principles, which the CED working philosophy is based on. The Effectuation principles added an enlightened perspective into the observations from the studies.

The study recommends CED to continue accelerating the reaching-out pace and ensure that the “Billions’ worth Network”, which is a key factor to driving entrepreneurial intentions is also extended as CED extends its reach. To the policy makers, this study has recommended to develop infrastructure to inculcate Effectuation Approach at grassroots level and to direct efforts to create an environment that bridges the opportunities’ gap between classes.

Available for download on Saturday, December 05, 2026