Master of Business Administration Executive

Faculty / School

School of Business Studies (SBS)

Year of Award



Dr. Shahid R. Mir, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

MBA Executive Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access

Executive Summary

Cement is an energy intensive industry. Energy costs represent approximately 60% cost of production. All the cement producers are extensively using imported coal despite rising international coal prices and availability of coal in the desert of Thar spread over the vast area of 9000 The price of the imported coal peaked to as high as $450 per ton which start coming down to $215 in February 2023. There are limitations and constraints such as low calorific value, high moisture contents associated with the use of Thar coal.

Despite these, it can still be used in cement sector manufacturing. Thar coal use in cement manufacturing will reduce production cost from 2% to 19% depending up on the blending ratio. Its utilization does not have any adverse effect on properties of the clinker and or cement. Further, its environmental effects are more or less like other imported coals. The use of Thar coal is sustainable fuel option for cement manufacturing. Therefore, cement manufacturers should consider this.



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