BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Shehram Mokhtar, Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Aliya Iqbal Naqvi, Visiting Faculty, Department of Social Sciences
SSLA Culminating Experience
Film analysis, Nationalism, Hindutva, Bollywood films, Anti-Pakistan sentiments, Savior complex, Gender
Bollywood is vastly consumed, all around the world. This study examines the imaging and representation of Pakistan in Bollywood films. My primary focus of the film is Bajrangi Bhaijaan with Veer Zaara and Gadar used as a reference point. No scholarly work has been written on Bajrangi Bhaijaan which prompted me to fill this research gap. I have analyzed mainly nationalism in the film, first analyzing the role of emotion and then comparing hot and banal expressions of nationalism. Next, I study the gender roles in Bollywood films, centering on the masculine warrior image of the male hero while the female characters are just sidekicks to aid his journey. I also focus on the resulting savior complex from this male-centric nationalism. I found Bajrangi Bhaijaan to rely on compassion for bolstering nationalist identity and hot and banal nationalism being equally used in films. In my second chapter, I found gender roles to be persistent in the promulgation of nationalism and India represented through a masculine warrior image.
Khalid, N. (2021). Popular culture and oostcolonial nations: imagining Pakistan in Bollywood films (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/95
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