BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award


Date of Submission



Dr. Gulnaz Anjum, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The purpose of this study was to examine the different dynamics and nuances involved in the creation and maintenance of collective memory of socio-political events. Social psychology is one of the recent disciplines diving into the debate about collective memory by rallying the importance of the individual at the center of the collective memory itself. So psychology aims to bridge the gap between different scholars that claim that this memory is ‘out there’ and those who think it rests primarily with the individual by arguing for a more circular approach to the study of collective memory. In this study participants are interviewed about their experiences of partition of 1947 because it is one of the most significant political events in Pakistan that shape our national and social identity. Results yield different themes and factors that make up the collective memory including most important ones such as outgroup/ ingroup differences in memory, gender differences, the importance of Flashbulb memories in shaping the collective memory and trauma and violence and its lasting impact on the survivors. Other significant themes include, autobiographical memory, nationalism, nostalgia, conflicted ethnicities and failure to recognize the British as the real perpetrators of the event. Directions for future research can be a more quantitative analysis of more specific themes in detail or maintenance of this collective memory in future generations.



The full text of this document is only accessible to authorized users.