BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award


Date of Submission



Dr. Tiago Ferreira Lopes, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The research collected and critically analysed newspapers that covered the Punjab Protection of Women Against Violence Act 2016 (“Act”) or Women Protection Act of Punjab 2016 for the months of February and March 2016. For this purpose, six newspapers (Daily Jang, Daily Express, Daily Ummat, Dawn, Express Tribune, The Nation) in two different languages (English and Urdu) were selected. Critical Discourse Analysis was used as an overarching theoretical framework. Complementarily frame analysis and content analysis were also used as analytic tools. This theoretical-analytical mélange was done to answer two central questions: (1) How many newspaper articles (columns and editorials) and news reports portray a contentious Act in a favourable, unfavourable or in a neutral way? (2) What are the trigger words and phrases used in these articles? This study recognised media’s use of framing in order to portray a contentious Act. The results showed the use of words and phrases framed by the selected newspapers when portraying the news in a particular manner, i.e. favourable, unfavourable, or neutral. The analysis also revealed the number of males and female members who (and how they) wrote on the Act as well.



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