BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Ayesha Zia, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences
SSLA Culminating Experience
This study investigates the relationship between the attachment dimensions of anxiety and avoidance, perceptions of social support, and self esteem in oldest daughters in Pakistani households. The central aim was to determine whether a relationship exists between these variables and to determine the strength of this relationship. The present research used three self-report questionnaires, the Revised Adult Attachment Scale – Close Relationships Version, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale in order to gather data from a sample of 292 oldest daughters of emerging adulthood age (i.e., 18-25 years). The data collected from these measures were analyzed on SPSS; with simple linear regression analyses carried out on each hypothesis, i.e., between attachment anxiety and avoidance, perceived social support, and self-esteem. Results demonstrated that attachment anxiety does not significantly contribute to perceived social support levels in oldest daughters, while attachment avoidance had a significant, small, and positive relationship with levels of perceived social support. Additionally, perceived social support was found to have a significant, small, and positive relationship with self-esteem. Also, both attachment anxiety and avoidance was found to have a significant, small, and positive relationship with self-esteem. Lastly, self-esteem was found to have a significant, small, and positive relationship with perceived social support. These results largely align with those found in previous research and are discussed in the final chapters. Limitations, directions for future research, and practical implications of this research are also discussed.
This research received partial funding from the Centre for Business and Economic Research (CBER), IBA, Karachi in the form of the Undergraduate Research Award for CE Projects (2022-23).
Faraz, S. (2023). The impact of attachment anxiety and avoidance on perceived social support and self-esteem – a quantitative study on oldest daughters in Pakistani households (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/191
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