BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Fall 2021

Date of Submission



Sajjad Ahmed, Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


MQM has played a significant role in the politics of Karachi. From a student-led organization APMSO to a full-fledged political party demanding the rights of the Muhajir community to facing severe military operations to his leader getting banned from the media – a story of the decades. MQM never evolved from the politics of ethnic nationalism, creating a void in the political space. It is pertinent to mention that the youth finds it quite hard to believe that voting in the name of Muhajir's identity does not make sense at all right now. Several factors have resulted in this decline in popularity and the downfall of the party. In this paper, I will be finding the answers to what led to the downfall of an ethnic political party that represented millions in the assembly. I will be pondering upon the reign of Altaf Hussain in urban Sindh, the introduction of violence and how it went through the entire youth. This paper will also include the narrative pitched by the state and the atrocities carried out in the name of the State's sovereignty and its legitimacy. Lastly, I will be discussing the role of politics of ethnic nationalism and whether is it still evident in contemporary times. I have used secondary sources in this paper and have taken interviews from a few evident personalities such as Farooq Sattar, Mustafa Kamal and Dr Jaffer Ahmed.



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