BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Summer 2022

Date of Submission



Farhan Anwar, Visiting Faculty, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


While Gender equality stands fifth on the Sustainable Development Goals, the basic needs for women to achieve that are not being fulfilled. This includes the problem of women feeling unsafe in their cities. Indeed, freedom of movement would enable women to explore educational and employment opportunities which will directly impact their empowerment as their social and economic strength increases. However, the system has been continually failing them. The lack of transportation services, the poor infrastructure, the lack of safety, these factors together curtail the movement of women in public spaces and negatively affect their roles and participation. Women giving up on opportunities due to lack of safe and economical commuting options is a common phenomenon but remains largely unaddressed. Then certain constraints are less visible, where skewed understanding of religion, tradition and cultural norms end up assigning certain roles and denying certain freedoms for women in our society. This Paper explores these hindrances to women empowerment and focus on the larger implications on societal development and how women respond when faced with such obstacles.



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