Master of Science in Journalism
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Muna Khan, Lecturer, Centre for Excellence in Journalism
Abstract / Summary
Pakistan’s media scene today depicts a similar picture where many journalists say they have been “conditioned” to self-censor news. But unlike Pavlov using a sound as a stimulus, certain “powers that be” use threat and violence to intimidate journalists and force them to behave in a certain way. Psychologists around the world say there is a lesson in this experiment: it demonstrates that human behavior, too, can be manipulated or maneuvered through conditioning.
Ajmal, U. B. (2019). Is Pakistani state at war with free press? (Unpublished graduate research project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/research-projects-msj/10
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