Master of Science in Management

Faculty / School

School of Business Studies (SBS)


Department of Management

Date of Submission

Spring 2024-2-28


Dr. Sahar Awan, Assistant Professor and and Chairperson Management Department, Department of Management

Committee Member 1

Dr. Sahar Awan, Supervisor

Committee Member 2

Dr. Ashar Saleem, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Committee Member 3

Dr. Yasir Mansoor Kundi, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

MS Management Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access


Freelancer, Gig Worker, Organizational Identification, Resilience, Job Crafting, Training & Development


The modern day profession of freelancing continues to exponentially grow because of the new age technology and conveniences it offers. This quantitative study analyzes the antecedents of wellbeing for freelancers/gig workers. Organizational identification of freelancers is low because of not being associated to a particular organization. However, its effect is analyzed through the moderating effect of resilience. The onus of getting trained is no more on the organization but on the freelancer himself. The effect of self/collaborative trainings on the well-being of freelancers is also analyzed. The second aspect of it is about development through mentoring and its effect on well-being. The third aspect of the study is about the job crafting that freelancers engage in, and its effect on well-being. The results were analyzed through 195 complete questionnaires by freelancers, predominantly from Pakistan. Regression analysis led to interesting findings. They showed that organizational identification is still a grey area for freelancers, while resilience has a significant effect on the well-being of freelancers. Also, higher levels of training and job crafting do lead to higher levels of well-being. By doing so, the study illuminates the very ways in which organizations can strive to retain and reap maximal benefits of taking freelancers on board.

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