Master of Science in Management

Faculty / School

School of Business Studies (SBS)


Department of Management

Date of Submission

Fall 2023-8-31


Dr. Amer Iqbal Awan, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Committee Member 1

Dr. Ashar Saleem, Assistant Professor and Program Director MS Management, Department of Management, Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi

Committee Member 2

Dr. Muhammad Imran, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

MS Management Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access


Purpose: This study conducts a systematic literature review (SLR) on the topic of barriers to Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) from the past thirty years.

Methodology: The Methodology is based on reviewing the existing literature available on the concept of barriers to Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). A systematic approach was used to search, filter, and select the research articles. The research journal articles were retrieved through Scopus academic database via pre-defined keywords. Only 4*, 4, and 3 ranked articles from ABS journal list were selected for the sample.

Findings: After systematically reviewing the articles of our final sample (i.e., 96 articles), we identified 16 barriers to GSCM. Then we categorized these barriers in 2 major types of barriers i.e., Internal barriers to GSCM and external barriers to GSCM. Internal barriers to GSCM included Insufficient employee engagement, Limited dedication from top-level management, financial implications, Insufficient awareness, Complexity, Inadequate knowledge and expertise, Uncertain return on investment, Inadequate training opportunities, and Absence of ethical & moral principles. While the external barriers included Lack of supplier commitment, Regulatory and legal constraints, Lack of green materials and technologies, Lack of customer demand, Limited collaboration and information sharing, Global supply chain complexity, and Market competition & cost pressures.

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