Master of Business Administration

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Amanullah Syed, Visiting Faculty, Institute of Business Administration

Project Coordinator (Internal)

Dr. Nasir Afghan, Asad Ilyas, Salma Mirza

Committee Member 1

Amanullah Syed, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi

Project Type

MBA Research Project

Keywords">Energy deficit, Cost-Benefit analysis, Hydel power, Wind energy, Renewable energy sources

Abstract / Summary

Power shortage in Pakistan has reached 3000 MW mark, ensuing more than 12 hours of load shedding. For overcoming this energy shortfall, all options need to be considered. All forms of conventional and renewable sources of energy are there to explored and evaluated for their viability. Pakistan has two major power utilities, the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC). WAPDA provides power to the entire of Pakistan except for the urban city of Karachi, which is catered to, by KESC. Conventional sources like oil, hydel and coal are already being used in Pakistan to produce electricity. But renewable sources like wind have not been tapped at the full scale and to their full potential. Each source comes with its pros and cons and viability factors. The raw material for oil is very expensive since oil prices roar world over, whereas the raw material for wind is free. In this analysis, the global plus local scenario has been discussed to give an idea of the current trends and availability of the raw materials and the recent situation in the existing world. The cost estimates and feasibilities have been re-structured in a single standard format for the purpose of analysis with relevant adjustments as per the updated costs and indices. The per unit cost for each source of energy have been calculated while accounting for factors like Operation & Maintenance, Insurance, Cost of Working Capital, Return on Equity and Debt Service etc. The prospects and issues of each of the sources are reviewed, in order to brief about the concerns related to each energy source. The price per unit of each of the selected energy source is identified in the table below, however, the viability of the energy source has been determined based on considering both the cost per unit and the qualitative factors.

Available for download on Monday, February 01, 2027