Master of Business Administration Executive
Faculty / School
School of Business Studies (SBS)
Year of Award
Dr. Yasir Mansoor Kundi, Assistant Professor, Department of Management
MBA Executive Research Project
The objective of this study is to focus entirely on the impacts of work-life imbalance and explore potential solutions for married employees who are living in joint families with multiple children, where both spouses are employed on job/ own’s business. This study particularly aims to address issues such as poor sleep quality, marital discomfort and other factors which are also contributing to work-family conflict.
The research has initiated a comprehensive review of the literature to identify the factors causing work-life imbalance which have become a major contributor to marital dissatisfaction, sleep disturbances and conflicts between work and family life. The research has laid down groundwork for the future research studies by highlighting existing gaps in understanding work-life imbalance. To achieve the goal, quantitative data was collected through a Google survey targeting married couples belonging to different industries of Pakistan. Regression analysis was performed on the data to find correlations between the independent and dependent variables as well as their interactions with moderators.
The project's results showed that there was a significant positive correlation with marital discontent, a significant positive correlation with work-family conflict among married employees, and a strong negative correlation between work-life imbalance and sleep quality. and poor sleep quality in their daily lives. Additionally, the study found that in a joint family, family characteristics—specifically, the number of children, spousal occupation, and living arrangement—played a moderating influence in this association. A favourable correlation has been shown between the number of children and work-life balance, marital dissatisfaction, and work-family conflict. unfavourable but negligible impact on the quality of sleep. On the other hand, positive associations with spousal employment and joint family arrangements are important factors that impact an individual's quality of sleep. Furthermore, married employees' work-life imbalance and marital discontent are inversely correlated with spousal employment. The results of the research have important ramifications for businesses and HR managers. By putting in place HR-friendly procedures and encouraging a positive work atmosphere, we can address how people's personal and professional lives interact and help them achieve a work-life balance.
The creation and implementation of comprehensive work-life balance policies, strategies to measure their efficacy, and the promotion of a flexible or hybrid work environment are among the recommendations made to HR managers and organizations in order to accommodate their employees' needs with regard to family-related characteristics for businesses to have a balanced and effective workforce. To sum up, this study advances our knowledge of the connections among work-life imbalance, poor sleep, marital discontent, and work-family conflict. Companies have the ability to provide a work atmosphere that is encouraging and devise tactics that help their staff members strike a balance between their job and personal obligations.
Please refer to the complete project report for detailed analysis.
Khan, U., & Sultan, R. (2023). An examination of the relationship between work life imbalances and employee non work life (Unpublished graduate research project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/research-projects-emba/613
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