Cluster analysis of urdu tweets

Author Affiliation

Zarmeen Nasim is Lecturer at Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karach

Sajjad Haider is Professor at Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karach

Faculty / School

Faculty of Computer Sciences (FCS)


Department of Computer Science

Was this content written or created while at IBA?


Document Type


Source Publication

Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences




Computer Sciences


Document clustering allows a user to group semantically similar documents. It has been an interesting research area for the past many years and various methods and techniques have been developed. However, the research has primarily been limited to English and other high resource languages. For low-resource languages, such as Urdu, the area of document clustering is open to contributions. This work presents an experimental evaluation of clustering techniques on Urdu tweets. It is a challenging task to semantically cluster tweets due to their very short length. In this paper, various features, including sentence and phrase-level embeddings, TF-IDF features and document embeddings are extracted from tweets and clustering is performed using three different algorithms: K-Means, Bisecting K-Means, and Affinity Propagation algorithms. Furthermore, a comparison is performed with the traditional topic modeling approach. The results indicate that the TF-IDF features combined with the K-means clustering algorithm outperformed the adopted clustering techniques.

Indexing Information

HJRS - W Category, Scopus, Web of Science - Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI)

Journal Quality Ranking

Impact Factor: 13.473

Publication Status