BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Gulnaz Anjum, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, IBA, Karachi.
SSLA Culminating Experience
Activism, Defense and Security Studies, Democracy, Identity Studies, Islamic Studies, Politics and Social Change, Sociology of Religion, South Asian Studies, Terrorism Studies, Urban Studies
Abstract / Summary
Passion energizes and directs both peaceful and extremist ideologically inspired movements. In Pakistan, the politicized role of religion provides a rich source of data regarding such movements. The type of ideological passion that underlies people's religious commitment was proposed to motivate their choice of activist tactics in different situations; naturally occurring and controlled setting. Ideological passion was defined as a strong inclination toward a loved, valued, and self-defining ideology, cause, or vision in which people invest considerable time and energy. Harmonious ideological passion was expected to promote peaceful activism and obsessive ideological passion was expected to promote religious extremism. Results were supported by the study conducted with a sample of devout Shia Muslims (N=60). In the identity-threat condition, harmoniously passionate people were expected to endorse non-violence because it is anchored in a secure sense of identity. Obsessive ideological passion was expected to provoke aggression in identity- threatening situations because it is anchored in a heightened but insecure sense of identity. Results from the study did not support this prediction.
Shahid, R. (2018). Pakistan & religiosity: on ideological passion, identity threat and extremism (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/ugrad-projects/45
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