BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2021

Date of Submission



Dr. Gulnaz Anjum, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The purpose of this study was to examine the psychotherapeutic approaches being used by mental health clinicians for PTSD. This paper has used Grounded Theory (GT) for data analysis. To this end, 10 semi structured interviews were conducted with mental health clinicians based in Karachi. Out of these 10, 2 were male and 8 females between the ages of 25 and 60. The data collection process was iterative and constant comparative analysis was conducted to analyse the data. Thematic coding was utilised to establish concepts through the collected data and summarise them into three main themes with various sub-categories. The three main themes are: Contextualizing mental health in Pakistan, Cultural Adaptations of psychotherapy, and Recognising challenges and offering suggestions. A constructivist approach of GT was used to conceptualise the lived experiences of mental health clinicians in Karachi; based on their interview responses, this paper has devised multiple theoretical speculations and included implications and directions for future research pertaining to trauma services and policy development for mental health.



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