Analyzing the impact of the 18th Amendment decentralization on the public education sectors of Sindh and Punjab
BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Mohammed Rehan Malik, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics
SSLA Culminating Experience
18th Amendment, Education Policies, Budgetary Allocations, Development, State, Central Government, Decentralization
The 18th Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan is an important piece of legislation that was passed in 2010 and had a wide scope of impact on various different sectors of the state. The new changes ranged from a reassignment of presidential responsibilities to an addition of the Right to Information in the Constitution of Pakistan (NA Pakistan, 2010). A very large portion of the amendment was devoted to introducing devolution of powers in favor of provincial governments in certain areas.
For the purposes of this research project, I will look at the specific impacts of the 18th Amendment on the way provincial education policies have turned out since the enactment of the Amendment. More specifically, I will be looking at the provinces of Sindh and Punjab – comparing their progress with regards to institutional adaptation, new reforms, changes in budgetary allocations and actual expenditures, and also provincial interaction with multinational financial and development institutions such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, USAID, and the UK’s DFID.
Usama, M. (2020). Analyzing the impact of the 18th Amendment decentralization on the public education sectors of Sindh and Punjab (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/66
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