BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award


Date of Submission



Dr. Faiza Mushtaq, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Dalits, legally recognized as scheduled-castes, are among the indigenous peoples of Sindh. The Pakistani constitution recognizes 44 Hindu castes as scheduled-castes, based not only on classifications within the caste system but also for political reasons. Entangled with social, political and economic issues, Dalits are positioned in the bottom tier of Society. Alongside ideology of Pakistan that haunts this minority group, Dalits face extreme discrimination from Muslims, upper-caste Hindus and other scheduled-castes. This is because of the unique intersectional identity that this group possesses, which comes in the direct contradiction with the ideology of state and societal norms. There are several mores which distinguish upper-caste Hindus from scheduled-castes. Moreover, Dalits are hardcore followers of Sindhi Muslim Sufi Shah Inayat and it has to do with contemporary problems that Dalits face. I have used post-colonial theories and an interdisciplinary approach to analyze and comprehend current situation of Dalits. Interviews and ethnography were primary tools to conduct data. Furthermore, I took legalistic approach to analyze specific laws against/for Dalits. My theoretical framework is also based in historical scholarship. This paper seeks to highlight major key concerns of Dalits. Also, opinions of locals will be of immense help for state to reconsider its policies as their voice has often gone unheard.



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