BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award


Date of Submission



Dr. Gulnaz Anjum, Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Passion energizes and directs both peaceful and extremist ideologically inspired movements. In Pakistan, the politicized role of religion provides a rich source of data regarding such movements. The type of ideological passion that underlies people's religious commitment was proposed to motivate their choice of activist tactics in different situations; naturally occurring and controlled setting. Ideological passion was defined as a strong inclination toward a loved, valued, and self-defining ideology, cause, or vision in which people invest considerable time and energy. Harmonious ideological passion was expected to promote peaceful activism and obsessive ideological passion was expected to promote religious extremism. Results were supported by the study conducted with a sample of devout Shia Muslims (N=60). In the identity-threat condition, harmoniously passionate people were expected to endorse non-violence because it is anchored in a secure sense of identity. Obsessive ideological passion was expected to provoke aggression in identity- threatening situations because it is anchored in a heightened but insecure sense of identity. Results from the study did not support this prediction.



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