BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Abdul Haque Chang, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences
Dr. Moiz Hasan, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences
SSLA Culminating Experience
This thesis is an ethnographic project using the Marxist analysis on the land of Pipple Bhutta, Tehsil Lalian, District Chiniot. It considers the relationship of two processes, “urbanization” and “money economy”, and their effect on the dependent relationship between the zamindars (landowners or landholders) and the kammis (peasants or farmers). The methodology for doing this research includes ethnography, interviews (of the concerned persons which will give me access to written records), and a socio-economic farm survey. Furthermore, I discuss the historical perspective on Punjabi land, Marxist understanding of ‘exploitation’ and ‘alienation’, and how Marx explains the relationship between the bourgeois and the proletariat, and then I contextualize that relationship in the village setting. Subsequently, I explain how the economic and social aspects of village life are becoming individualistic with the rise of “money economy” where the kammis are dependent on zamindars only for some social elements of village life. This exploration is important as it brings forward fresh insights to the perspectives of the two major classes in a village in times of massive urbanization and within the context of the new emerging needs of the villagers.
Elah, M. (2019). The political economy of Pipple Bhutta and changing zamindar-kammi relations (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/48
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