BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2019

Date of Submission



Dr. Abdul Haque Chang, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences


Dr. Moiz Hasan, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


This thesis is an ethnographic project using the Marxist analysis on the land of Pipple Bhutta, Tehsil Lalian, District Chiniot. It considers the relationship of two processes, “urbanization” and “money economy”, and their effect on the dependent relationship between the zamindars (landowners or landholders) and the kammis (peasants or farmers). The methodology for doing this research includes ethnography, interviews (of the concerned persons which will give me access to written records), and a socio-economic farm survey. Furthermore, I discuss the historical perspective on Punjabi land, Marxist understanding of ‘exploitation’ and ‘alienation’, and how Marx explains the relationship between the bourgeois and the proletariat, and then I contextualize that relationship in the village setting. Subsequently, I explain how the economic and social aspects of village life are becoming individualistic with the rise of “money economy” where the kammis are dependent on zamindars only for some social elements of village life. This exploration is important as it brings forward fresh insights to the perspectives of the two major classes in a village in times of massive urbanization and within the context of the new emerging needs of the villagers.



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