BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Shahana Rajani, Visiting Faculty, Department of Social Sciences
SSLA Culminating Experience
Visual Culture, Military, Counterterrorism, Media, Nationalism, Imperialism, Imaginative Geographies, Representation
This paper aims to explore how Pakistan’s military justifies and legitimizes its counterterrorism operations through the use of visuality. It examines the army’s media management infrastructure and particularly focuses on its image building exercise which allows the army to capture the national narrative and accumulate a tremendous amount of power within the country. Furthermore, it argues that the way in which the military’s visuality represents the landscape of FATA and its inhabitants to justify operation Zarb-E-Azb by deploying imperialist visuality not only sustains the army’s hegemony but also allows for the perpetration of multiple forms of violences against the people inhabiting those areas. It then looks at how the army uses the narrative of securitisation to make itself relevant and insert itself into civil society. Lastly, this paper argues that the military constructs an imaginative geography in its representation of the figure of the soldier and the terrorist (or Pashtun) other; and that these constructions also largely hinge upon the representation of women as victims.
Qureshi, F. (2018). Visualising counterterrorism: the legitimization and justification of war (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/41
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