Fatima Aizaz


BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award


Date of Submission



Dr. Newal Osman, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts, IBA, Karachi.

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The study of pan-Islam in the context of British India, is largely restricted to the Khilāfat Movement. It overlooks, or peripherally mentions, the process of the creation of a pan-Islamic discourse prior to the Khilāfat Movement. This thesis explores the pan-Islamic discourse in the Urdu press, and pays specific attention to three newspapers – Al-Hilāl, Hamdard, and Zamīndār. This discourse redefined the classical definition of pan-Islam, by incorporating into its fold, the lived realities of colonial rule. Hence, its aim was twofold – fighting for the cause of the Ottoman Empire, and empowering Indian Muslims. This discourse relied upon a rather abstract idea of a Muslim millat, rather than on the existing, and much concrete idea of ittihād.


vi, 58

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