BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Junaid Alam Memon, Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The Rod Kohi Irrigation System faces uncertainty, variability, and limited flow challenges. However, ecosystems and land are stressed with increasing population and market demand. To meet these needs, people have turned to alternative forms of irrigation, like groundwater and canal systems, in addition to the traditional irrigation system and hill torrents. Technological advancements, increased capital flow, and improved communication infrastructure from Gulf countries have facilitated this shift towards newer systems. This transition has brought economic opportunities and a new lifestyle for the nomadic communities of the Piedmont plains. However, these changes have also resulted in unsustainable practices, harming vulnerable ecosystems. Trees are being cut down for economic gain, and hill torrents' natural routes are blocked. Social values have also shifted with the absence of a community governance system for the Suri Lound Hill torrent. These complex human-environment interactions have led to the destruction of land, crops, infrastructure, and life. While science and technology have made life more accessible, it is not a viable solution to discard the traditional integral system. This paper aims to provide historical context for understanding the shifts happening in the region. While science and technology have undoubtedly made life easier and enabled these shifts, discarding an old system that is inevitable and integral to the region is not a viable solution to meet the higher demand for food.



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