BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Amer Iqbal Awan, Assistant Professor and Director Undergraduate Program SBS, Department of Management

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


This research employed the constructivist grounded theory approach, as outlined by Charmaz, to explore and generate new insights from the data collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with 15 married women who were working from home. The primary objective of the study was to examine how women in a patriarchal society like Pakistan utilize their autonomy to drive transformative changes in their socially defined roles. The analysis of the interviews revealed the existence of three distinct categories of women based on their levels of exhaustion: highly exhausted, moderately exhausted, and minimally exhausted. Further investigation into the differences among these categories revealed that the establishment of boundaries played a significant role in influencing women's exhaustion levels. Additionally, the findings highlighted the various strategies employed by women to set and maintain these boundaries. To provide a theoretical framework for understanding these findings, the conceptual framework of gender relations by Gerson and Peiss (1985) was utilized. The study concluded that three fundamental constructs, namely boundaries, negotiation and domination, and consciousness, are crucial in studying gender relations. Through the simultaneous occurrence of these multiple processes, women have the agency to contribute to the transformation of their socially defined domains.



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