BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Fall 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Junaid Alam Memon, Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The objective of this research paper is to examine the living conditions of flood-induced migrants who relocated to Karachi following the 2010 Sindhi floods. Employing the sustainable livelihood framework, this study assesses various livelihood capitals through a comparative analysis of pre- and post-flood survey data. The capitals under investigation encompass physical, social, natural, human, and financial resources. The research reveals that, initially, all these livelihood capitals experienced adverse effects, with the exception of social capital. However, over a span of 13 years, certain capitals, such as financial resources, displayed signs of recovery. The paper not only offers insights into the dynamics of flood-induced migration but also provides policy recommendations to guide government intervention in addressing these challenges.



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