BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Sahar Nadeem Hamid, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The shift in work modes (physical, hybrid, and work from home) due to the COVID-19 pandemic has had an inevitable influence on employees' psychological well-being. This study aimed to investigate the impacts of different work modes on the six dimensions of psychological well-being (autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance) as delineated by Ryff (1989). Additionally, the influence of demographics such as age, gender, city of residence, marital status, monthly family income, highest level of education attained, duration of time spent at the current workplace, number of people in the household, and any diagnosed mental health issues were considered. The research involved a quantitative survey of urban white-collar professionals (n=93) in Pakistan's corporate sector aged 18 to 35 years. Linear regression analyses indicated that work modes had varied effects on different aspects of psychological well-being. These findings provide crucial insights into the interplay between work modes and psychological well-being and their implications for post-pandemic work practices and policies.



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