BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Sahar Nadeem Hamid, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Significant research corroborates the role of primary caregivers for the healthy development trajectory of children. Warm and responsive parenting ensures improved self esteem, self regulation, confidence, and most importantly formation of secure attachment among children. Present research is an attempt at assessing Parenting and Attachment in the context of Pakistan. For this purpose, a quantitative methodology was devised, and responses were collected from 54 participants. To assess most prevalent Attachment styles and Parenting styles, and to find out if there is association between the two, two scales were used. To assess Attachment, the study made use of Revised Adult Attachment Scale (Collins, 1996), and to assess Parenting, Parenting Style Four Factor Questionnaire (Shyny, 2017) was used. For present study following four hypotheses were constructed: (1) Secure Attachment Style will have a positive correlation with Authoritative Parenting Style; (2) Dismissive Attachment Style will have a positive correlation with Authoritarian Parenting Style; (3) Preoccupied Attachment style will have a negative correlation with Permissive Parenting Style; and (4) Fearful Attachment Style will have a positive correlation with Uninvolved Parenting Style. Results show Pakistani parents to be predominantly Fearfully attached and to be Uninvolved Parents. Pearson correlation established a weak positive correlation between Secure Attachment Style and Authoritative Parenting, and a weak negative correlation between Dismissive Attachment Style and Authoritarian Parenting Style. Furthermore, a weak positive correlation was found between Preoccupied Attachment Style and Permissive Parenting Style, and finally, a weak negative correlation was recorded between Fearful Attachment Style and Uninvolved Parenting Style.



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