BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Muahammad Bilal Munshi,Assistant Professor Department: Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Abstract: Pakistan has grappled with the issue of energy security for much of its history. This paper presents an analysis of Pakistan’s energy security using a neoclassical realist framework. The paper will also use two conceptual models from the field of foreign policy analysis: the organizational process model, and the bureaucratic politics model. Using these conceptual models, I will try to understand the processes through which decision-making occurs at the national level to produce energy policies. I am specifically interested in exploring how various ministries such as the Ministry of Petroleum interact with other ministries such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to create a policy outcome. Secondly, I will examine the extent to which Pakistan’s national interests vis-à-vis energy are integrated into its foreign policy. The findings suggest that policy formulation and implementation occur in an ad hoc manner in Pakistan.



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