BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Yumna Fatima, Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Karachi, Water, Mafia


This thesis explores the dynamics of Karachi's bulk water supply system and its implications for the city's residents. The study delves into the complex factors influencing the availability, distribution, and quality of water in this sprawling urban environment. Through an interdisciplinary approach that combines urban planning, environmental studies, and social science perspectives, the research investigates the multifaceted challenges posed by the existing bulk water supply infrastructure.

The study evaluates how the inadequacies and inefficiencies in the bulk water supply chain affect the daily lives of Karachi's residents. It examines the socio-economic and health ramifications of irregular water access, suboptimal water quality, and inadequate service delivery. Furthermore, the research analyzes the strategies adopted by households and communities to cope with these challenges, shedding light on the resilience of residents amidst adverse water conditions.

By analyzing official policies, regulatory frameworks, and stakeholder engagements, the research also critically assesses the management of the bulk water supply system. The thesis proposes recommendations for sustainable reforms and strategic interventions that could enhance the efficiency, equity, and reliability of the water supply network. Ultimately, this study contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the intricate relationship between Karachi's bulk water supply and its impact on the well-being, livelihoods, and development of its diverse population.


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