BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Saima Bint-e-Saif, Assistant Professor SSLA, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


The purpose of this study was to examine how undergraduate students in Karachi, Pakistan, rated their own self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and problem-solving ability. The goals of this research were to assess these psychological variables, investigate their relationships, test their ability to predict outcomes, identify any discrepancies between private and public university students, and suggest policy changes. A total of 124 students. With participants ranging in age from 18 to 26 and with varying types of Institutions (i.e., Private and Public institutions), Stratified random sampling was used. Three scales were used; General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES), Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) and Independent, inter-dependent Problem-Solving Scale (IIPSS) to assess self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and problem-solving respectively. When correlation analysis was done it was found that both self-efficacy and problem-solving abilities, as well as emotional intelligence and problem-solving abilities, have a strong positive connection. In addition, through regression analysis it was discovered that self-efficacy and emotional intelligence were both strong predictors of problem-solving aptitude. Self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and problem-solving skills were not shown to be significantly different amongst students at private and public universities. Women generally scored higher than men on measures of self-efficacy and emotional quotient. These findings shed light on the psychological influences on undergraduate students' problem-solving skills and can inform educational interventions and policy development.



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