BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2023

Date of Submission



Dr. Muhammad Bilal Munshi, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Pakistan is a country that is present in a volatile and vulnerable geographical space, due to which it has faced unique challenges with respect to external security threats. The country has a complex and dynamic geopolitical and geostrategic environment which is categorized by historical tensions with its neighboring States and crucial global events like the 9/11 attacks. These factors have subsequently created a space wherein Pakistan’s policymaking executives are more focused on external security policy decisions while neglecting the internal policy challenges. This has had a visibly negative impact on the domestic realm of Pakistan.

While external security concerns remain essential in safeguarding the country’s national interests, the disproportionate emphasis has created a chaotic environment in the domestic policy realm and resulted in a range of challenges, including but not limited to lack of economic security, lack of resources being allocated to sectors like education, weak governance, and lack of environmental security. This thesis provides an analysis for the profound implications the prioritization of external security policies has had on the internal policy sphere in the 21st century while specifically focusing on the economic sector (including education sector, governance, and environmental sector) within the domestic policy areas.



The full text of this document is only accessible to authorized users.