BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Haider Khan Nizamani, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


It is been several years since we are witnessing sectarian violence on the Shia community of Pakistan. If we delve a bit deeper, we come to know that the biggest victim of sectarian violence has been the ethnic Shia Hazara minority residing in the province of Balochistan. Many extremist religious groups have been involved in carrying out violence against the Hazara community, of which the most ferocious is Lashkar e Jhangvi (LeJ). This paper attempts to analyze three factors that have acted as push factors for Lashkar e Jhangvi to be extremely violent towards the Hazara community. These factors are madrassa culture, Deobandi ideology, and the extremist rule of General Zia ul Haq.


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