BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Abdul Haque Chang, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


This research aims to understand how the idea of making and unmaking of cult of Pir Pagara in Khipro city, Sindh, can be understood through an ethnographic study. The Pagara cult is one of the most intricate and famous interior Sindh phenomena. The study will be focused with the selected population in Khipro city. The word Pir Pagara is a title given to the leader of Sunni Muslim order of Hurs in Sindh province of Pakistan. The origin of word ‘Pir’ is Persian referring to (chief) and the Sindhi word ‘Pagara’ means (Chieftain’s turban). Pir Pagara cult has a major influence over the Hur Jamaat of Sindh. Hence, this study aims to understand how this cult system works through and has led a force of millions who consider the “cult of Pir Pagara” as the sacred institution of Hur Jamaat. People have been loyal to Pagara’s for generations, and it is believed that they are willing to sacrifice their everything for Pir Pagara.



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