BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Abdul Haque Chang, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences


Rahma Muhammad Mian, Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


"Gender discrimination" is one of the most deep-rooted social issues that is highly prevalent in Pakistan. With the help of an auto-ethnographic approach, this paper, seeks to unfold the gender dynamics prevalent in the Pakistan Airforce, Pakistan Army, and the Pakistan Navy. With the induction of women in the Armed Forces of Pakistan over many decades, it is quite pertinent to evaluate their positionality in a male oriented profession. The participants include both male and female officers currently serving in the Pakistan Armed Forces. Exploring their roles through fieldwork has provided a profound understanding of their treatment as "female officers" in combat and non-combat roles. Furthermore, this project highlights various aspects that fall under the realm of gender discrimination. These include gender equity, invisible barriers to progression as well as the role of family and household all discussed with real life experiences and observation of the participants themselves.

With the hope of providing a better understanding of current gender dynamics in the Armed Forces of Pakistan, this research seeks to target individuals aspiring to join these organizations. Additionally, it is also to address an ongoing social issue in the institution of the military. And lastly, this paper seeks to highlight any discrepancies pertaining to gender discrimination and work towards limiting them in the future.



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