BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Shahid R. Mir, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Organizations differ on the basis of structure and cultures which they adhere to. As a developing country, Pakistan has had an influx of foreign direct investment in the last two decades. This has led to multinational corporations entering Pakistan, in order to further cement their businesses. It has also led to VC-funded start-ups, a recent phenomenon, which has led to the country developing and upscaling local businesses, with an increased focus on development. Pakistan also has the curious case of having local, family-owned businesses which have become proper organizations, gainfully employing tens and thousands of employees across the country.

This project aims to find job satisfaction rates, across organizational structures, in Pakistan. For this purpose, organizational structure has been evaluated to further divide three structures and types of organizations operating in Pakistan; Multinational Corporations, Start-ups, and Family-owned ‘Sethiya’ Companies.

As a part of this project, I explored the organizational cultures put into practice at these organizations, including their distinct features. Based on this, I conducted interviews from employees currently working at these organizations, to test the impact each culture type has on job satisfaction rates. This project is a part of a larger sphere of research on organizational cultures in Pakistan, which aims to understand why employees feel more satisfaction with their jobs in certain organizational structures compared to others.



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