BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Summer 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Sahar Nadeem Hamid, Assistant Professor and Chairperson Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Almost every person has experienced dreams at least once in his/her lifetime. Initially dreams were only looked at as the product of one’s life experiences; however, recently researchers concluded that dreams also have the ability to influence one’s waking experience. However, most of these studies were conducted in the western countries and did not focus on the impact of dreams on inner peace and harmony, the two components that were essential for the mental wellbeing of the easterners. Thus, this experiment was conducted to see the impact of dreams on the waking wellbeing of the university students in Karachi. Modified differential emotions and peace of mind scales were used to assess the dream emotions (positive or negative) and their impact on inner peace and harmony, respectively. The results obtained through SPSS v20 showed that the negative dreams worsened the participants’ waking mental wellbeing (peace of mind) while positive dreams had both the impacts, worsening and improving. Dreams were further studied through the dream diaries. The content analysis highlighted in-congruency between dream content and dream affect and also showed dissimilarity between the dream content of the westerners and of the easterners. It was concluded that dreaming was a universal experience but what dreamers saw and how they perceived it were based on individual differences and cultural factors, which in effect, determined what impact dreams had on the waking mental wellbeing. Moreover, both qualitative and quantitative data were obtained but results might not be generalizable as participants were recruited through convenience sampling.



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