BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Syed Baqar Mehdi Rizvi, Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Personality disorders form a major chunk of mental illnesses that exist in the world today. One of those disorders is narcissistic personality disorder. The aim of this study was to look at how the relationship between child and parent via an individual’s attachment style affects narcissism or narcissistic tendencies. The study also aimed to look at the any gender-based differences that are present in the relationship between narcissism and attachment styles. The research was quantitative. It included 114 (43% men, 55.3% females and 1.7% others) participants who were university students aged between 18-24 from Karachi, Pakistan. The two main existing questionnaires which were used were the Narcissistic Personality Inventory – 16 (NPI-16) by Ames et. al. (2006) that measured narcissism and the Adult Attachment Scale (AAS) by Collins and Read (1990). Data yielded from these questionnaires was run through SPSS and analysed using Pearson correlational coefficients. The results showed statistically significant relationship between gender and narcissism but did not show any statistically significant relationships between gender and attachment styles as well as narcissism and attachment styles. The study can be used a starting point for further research involving the same variables as not much work has been done on them in Pakistan.



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