BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Ahmad Azhar, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


Using ethnographic methods and data from group conversations, this project focuses on tracing the role care plays in the lives of individuals negotiating family structures. Over six months of fieldwork in Gulshan-e-Sikandarabad, in the Kemari town of Karachi, this study traced the backgrounds of working-class women employed as female domestic workers. Through in-depth discussions, the investigations explored their daily life experiences within the household and their paid work's role in shaping their unpaid labor. Additionally, spousal and intergenerational exchange of care is observed in terms of domestic caregiving. Finally, the avenues found for self-pleasure were at the center of shaping an understanding of self-care being a negotiated activity.

Outside the primary household, this project turns to the role kinship networks play in the lives of female domestic workers. The women interviewed for the research migrated into the city with their partners from the Khanewal district of Punjab, Pakistan. Their migration process is a lens to discover the support network within kinship. Simultaneously, the marriage patterns such as wata sata are examined to discuss further the importance of kinship in determining the futures of the young community members.



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