BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts

Date of Award

Spring 2022

Date of Submission



Dr. Ayesha Zia, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences

Project Type

SSLA Culminating Experience

Access Type

Restricted Access


This research was aimed to see if a positive relationship exists between self-esteem and the perception of the relationship with parents of university-going students. The main hypothesis of this research was that there will be a positive relationship between mother and father characteristics and self-esteem of university going adolescents. The parents of an adolescent play a crucial role in the life of an adolescent. This relationship can have a great impact on the self-esteem of the adolescent as the parents are a part of his social environment since birth. The study hypothesized that Mother and Father Characteristics of involvement, autonomy support, and warmth will significantly predict self-esteem in university going adolescents. The study used Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 196) to find the students' levels of self-esteem and the perceptions of parents scale (Grolnick, Deci, & Ryan, 1991) to see this relationship. This study was conducted amongst university students ranging from 18-to 26 through convenience sampling. The sample was of 141 university-going students (115 females and 39 males) who participated. The software of SPSS Version 21 was used to test the hypothesis by applying Standard linear Regression and Pearson's correlation. The results indicate that there is a positive significant relationship between the perception of relationship with parents and self-esteem in university going students. The Regression analysis further showed that father characteristics had the most significant impact, with father warmth showing the most positive relationship. From mother characteristics, mother involvement showed the strongest significance. The study hypothesis was proven accurate; there is a strong positive correlation between self-esteem and perception of the relationship with parents in university-going adolescents.



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