From adebarsteine to home: an exploration of the difficulties and challenges to adoption in Pakistan
BS (Social Sciences & Liberal Arts)
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Department of Social Sciences & Liberal Arts
Date of Award
Date of Submission
Dr. Faiza Mushtaq, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts
Summer Qassim, Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences and Liberal Arts
SSLA Culminating Experience
adoption, charity , stigmatization, trauma, black market, trafficking
Adoption refers to the process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another. It is a legal act of placing a child permanently in the care of someone other than his/her biological parents. It is unfortunate that such an act of love is reduced to an act of charity and stigmatized in countries like Pakistan. Legal, social and religious factors, intricately woven together in a complex dynam- ic, pose a grave challenge to adoption in the Pakistani context. This thesis with the aid of textual analysis and an ethnographic approach explores the adoption process in Pakistan in depth, un- covering these very challenges plaguing adoption. An in-depth and detailed analysis of each of these factors revealed that the potent social stigmatizaton of adoption appears to be the cause of a rupture in the adoption process in Pakistan such that its implications are no longer limited to emotional trauma. Instead, it breathes a material existence of its own, embodying the form of a lucrative and thriving black market and trafficking of infants.
Kushtiwala, N. K. (2017). From adebarsteine to home: an exploration of the difficulties and challenges to adoption in Pakistan (Unpublished undergraduate project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/sslace/12
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