Master of Science in Economics

Faculty / School

School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS)


Department of Economics

Date of Submission



Dr. Abbas Ali Gillani, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics

Project Type

MSECO Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access

JEL Code

I25, R58


The importance of policymaking in regulating various aspects of our daily lives, including income, health, education, and security in the context of terrorism, cannot be overstated. While there is abundant evidence of policies aimed at positive change, there is a notable lack of research on how certain adversarial policies may hinder social or economic well-being by further compounding the impact of terrorism on affected communities. Using district level data on gross enrollment rates from 2005-2011, our research analyses the impact of terrorism and the policy ban on female education during peak conflict years. To identify causal effects, the occurrence of violence in each district is instrumented by measuring the distance between each district and the militant headquarters. Our results show that the policy ban was a sad success because it reduced girls' enrollment rates at not only middle and secondary levels of schooling but also shrunk enrollments at the primary level. Moreover, the widespread terrorism also impacted and decreased male students' gross enrollments.


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