Master of Science in Economics

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Economics

Date of Submission



Dr. Qaiser Munir, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi

Project Type

MSECO Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access


Under five mortality is one of the major problems for many developing countries including Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Although their mortality figures have improved in the past decade, it has still not reached the Sustainable Development Goal of reducing under-five mortality to 25 per 1000 live births. The aim of this research is to investigate the determinants of under-five mortality of Pakistan, for the purpose of comparison, determinants of under-five mortality of India and Bangladesh are also computed. A number of socio-economic and demographic factors as well as health seeking behavior and nutritional factors have been accounted for, to investigate the determining factors of under-five mortality in these countries. Logistic regression models have been used to investigate the relationship between the dependent and the explanatory variables. Results show that significant variables of under-five mortality are much similar for Pakistan and India than for Pakistan and Bangladesh. Outcomes of the study were in line with the previous literature. The significant variables affecting under-five mortality in Pakistan, turned out to be maternal education, paternal education, maternal age, birth interval, gender of the child, antenatal visits, type of birth, and mother feed. By identifying the factors that influence under-five mortality, this study will help in understanding where the public health resources could be channelized, in order to avoid untimely deaths, and to address and improve child related health issues.


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