Master of Science in Management

Faculty / School

School of Business Studies (SBS)


Department of Management

Date of Submission

Spring 2023-6-7


Dr. Amer Iqbal Awan, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Committee Member 1

Dr. Ashar Saleem, Assistant Professor and Program Director MS Management, Department of Management, Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi

Committee Member 2

Dr. Muhammad Ayaz, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

MS Management Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access


The study seeks to examine two types of empowerments known as structural and psychological empowerment and to determine how structural empowerment impacts employees' psychological empowerment. To identify this, we conducted semi-structured interviews with faculty members of a well-known University. During our analysis, three main themes emerged: Shared authority and power distribution in organization, the relationship between faculty members and management, and lastly, employee attitude and behavior at the workplace. According to our findings, an internal locus of control leads to a higher level of psychological empowerment among employees and increase employee nonconformity for organizational structures, whereas an external locus of control leads to a reduced sense of empowerment, within the same organizational structure. Our findings suggest that in addition to focusing on policies and organizational practices, it is essential for organizations to conduct training/workshops to enhance internalized locus of control. The study can be used by policymakers and organizational management to address employee issues and help enhance organizational working conditions.

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